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Louis Moyroud papers

 Collection
Identifier: CSC-0064

Scope and Contents

The Louis Moyroud papers contain materials from 1944 through 2012, with the bulk of the papers dated between 1974 and 2004. This collection contains materials related to Louis Moyroud’s professional and groundbreaking work in the phototypesetting industry including correspondence, legal papers, financial papers, articles, printed materials, photographs, transparency, slide, notebooks, blueprints, minutes, notes, drawings, proof sheets, invoices, reports, magazines, genealogical papers, ephemera, and realia. The Louis Moyroud papers have been arranged into ten series, four of which have been divided into subseries. This collection is housed in 22 document boxes and an additional realia box.

Dates

  • Creation: circa 1944-2012

Creator

Conditions Governing Access

This collection is open to researchers.

Biographical / Historical

Louis Marius Moyroud was born on February 16, 1914 in Moirans, Isere, France to Marius Gustave Moyroud and Anne Marie Louise Viat. He attended engineering school from 1929 to 1936, graduating as an engineer from Ecole Nationale Superieure des Arts et Metiers. From 1936 to 1940 he served in the military. In 1941 he joined LMT Labratories, leaving in 1946 to continue his work on photocomposition which began in 1944 after visiting a printing plant where he witnessed the “insane” process of casting molten lead to form lines of type for just a single page which was then printed and photographed. Along with Rene Alphonse Higonnet, Moyroud developed the first phototypesetting machine, Lumitype, later called the Photon.

Moyroud traveled to America in 1948 to share the new technology that would replace 4,000 pounds of metal type with a piece of film. Their work was funded by The Graphic Arts Research Foundation Inc. of Cambridge, Massachusetts and resulted in a model that was the size of a stenographer’s desk and weighed about 300 pounds. An eight inch revolving disc contained eight rows of characters in concentric circles, which rotated and projected characters onto a film, allowed for flexibility in the font size, spacing, and the combinations of type. The first book to be entirely phototypeset was The Wonderful World of Insects, printed in 1953, the same year the photocomposing method was patented.

International Photon Corporation (IPC) was bought by Dymo Industries, Inc. (Dymo) in 1973 after a financial crisis. Dymo eventually was acquired by ITEK after a series of purchases. Later, Moyroud would assist with the development of the Eurocat series of phototypesetting machines brought to the European market by Bobst Graphics.

Moyroud died on June 26, 2010 in Delray Beach, Florida. He received the Franklin Medal in 1955 and the RIT Goudy Award in 1997. Both Moyroud and Higonnet were inducted into the National Inventors Hall of Fame in 1985.

Extent

9.8 Linear Feet (23 boxes)

Language

English

Overview

The Louis Moyroud papers are comprised of company records and patent process work documenting Moyroud’s groundbreaking work in the phototypesetting industry. The bulk of the materials are dated between 1974 and 2004.

Arrangement

Series

  1. International Photon Corporation (IPC or “Photon”), 1944-1989
  2. Dymo Industries, Inc., 1974-1978
  3. Bobst Graphics, 1974-1993
  4. Versitec, Inc., 1975-2004
  5. Steiger S.A., 1989-1997
  6. Kodak Polychrome Graphics (KPG), 1984-2012
  7. Michel Moulin patent work, 1979-2003
  8. Additional work, 1973-1998
  9. Awards and symposiums, 1948-2006
  10. References and collected material, 1954-2006

Physical Location

Cary Annex, 10B

Other Finding Aids

In addition to this finding aid, a downloadable document is available. For more information, please contact the Cary Graphic Arts Collection.

Louis Moyroud papers

Custodial History

The Louis Moyroud papers were donated to the Rochester Institute of Technology in 2011 as a gift from Patrick Moyroud. The papers were accessioned by the Rochester Institute of Technology under 2013.003. The papers were received from Patrick Moyroud in several boxes, rehoused into 28 boxes upon receipt.

Related Materials

Related Materials

Harry Rab collection of Singer/Friden Phototypesetting history (CSC-0050)

Bibliography

Marshall, Alan. "Du Plomb à la Lumière: La Lumitype-Photon et la Naissance des Industries Graphiques Modernes." Paris: Maison des sciences de l'homme, 2003.

Romano, Frank J. "Timetables of Communications." Pittsburgh, PA: GATFPress, c1998.

"The Penrose Annual." Volume 45, 1951.

"The Penrose Annual." Volume 46, 1952.
Title
Louis Moyroud papers
Status
Completed
Author
Nicole Pease
Date
May 2023
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
English
Script of description
Latin

Repository Details

Part of the Cary Graphic Arts Collection Repository

Contact:
Rochester NY 14623 US
(585) 475-2408