National Fraternal Society of the Deaf collection
Scope and Contents
The National Fraternal Society of the Deaf collection includes various iterations of the organization's constitution, general laws, and bylaws. Also included are print materials, mainly consisting of brochures, postcards, and training scripts for sales presentations. There is also a card file with insurance certificate records and a list of 1914 charter members.
- National Fraternal Society of the Deaf (U.S.) (Organization)
Conditions Governing Access
This collection is open to researchers.
Biographical / Historical
The National Fraternal Society of the Deaf (NFSD) was founded in 1901 by a group of young deaf adults at the Michigan School for the Deaf in Flint, Michigan. Operated by the deaf for the deaf, NFSD offered insurance, advocacy, as well as scholarships and charitable support. NFSD services were pivotal throughout the twentieth century, in particular during the San Francisco earthquake, 1918 influenza epidemic, Great Depression, and both World Wars. At its height, the company managed $17 million dollars in insurance policies and had 13,000 members in North America.
Advancements in civil rights for the deaf and hard of hearing led to a decline in NFSD policy enrollment as accessibility to insurance from other agencies and sources increased. NFSD insurance policies were sold to the Catholic Order of Foresters in 2004. On March 6, 2010, the NFSD board met for the last time at Gallaudet University and the company ceased operations.
0.4 Linear Feet (1 Document box)
Materials related to the National Fraternal Society of the Deaf, an insurance organization operated by and for the deaf and hard of hearing.
Materials are roughly arranged by subject.
C.S. North, Shelf 203
Immediate Source of Acquisition
The National Fraternal Society of the Deaf collection was donated to the Deaf Studies Archive in 2011 by Paula Wollenhaupt.
Finding aid created by Amy Vilz in October 2011.
- National Fraternal Society of the Deaf collection
- RIT/NTID Deaf Studies Archive
- Amy Vilz
- 05 October 2011
- Description rules
- Describing Archives: A Content Standard
- Language of description
- Script of description
- Language of description note